The Application of the Various Knee Replacement Option Treatments

May 1, 2015 by

Knee replacement is a surgical procedure that is aimed at replacing a worn out, diseased or damaged knee with an artificial joint. In most cases, this procedure is done to ease the pain associated with arthritis and to restore the normal functioning of the affected knee. A knee replacement surgery may also be carried out to replace a knee that has been damaged by an injury. Initially, the physician will try other treatment options, such as medications, steroid injections and physiotherapy, to contain the situation. However, if other treatment options have failed or the damage is advanced, you may have to undergo a knee replacement surgery.

Knee Replacement

 If your physician has specified that you need to undergo the procedure, you need not worry; the replacement surgery is a safe and highly effective treatment option, in easing the pain, correcting the deformity on the leg and allowing the knee to function normally. Since its introduction in the year 1968, knee surgery has evolved significantly, with the introduction of new techniques and materials for the procedure.

Why Would You Need Knee Surgery?

The majority of knee replacement surgical procedures are carried out to correct knee damage and malfunctions caused by arthritis. Other conditions that may result in knee replacement are:

  • Knee injury
  • Gout
  • Haemophilia

Regardless of having any of these conditions, the physicians will only recommend a surgical procedure to replace the knee if:

  • You have severe swelling, stiffness and pain in the knee, which is affecting your mobility
  • The pain is interfering with the quality of sleep and life
  • The condition is hindering you from working or preventing you from having a normal social life

Which Is the Ideal Knee Replacement Option?

Depending on the condition you are suffering from and the level of damage, there are two main surgical procedures that may be carried out on the knee. Mentioned here are the two knee replacement option surgeries and their merits.

  1. Partial Knee Replacement

This type of surgical procedure is also known as unicompartmental knee replacement. The procedure is aimed at replacing just the portion of the knee that is affected, rather than replacing the entire knee joint. This procedure is recommended where the arthritis is confined in a single compartment of the knee. The benefits associated with this form of knee replacement surgery include less pain, less blood loss during the surgery and quick recovery.

  1. Total Knee Replacement

This type of knee replacement procedure is also known as arthroplasty. It is aimed at replacing all the knee compartments with an artificial joint. During the procedure, the end of the tibia is removed and replaced with a channelled plastic piece, featuring a metal stem and the end of the femur bone is replaced with a metal shell. If the kneecap is affected, a plastic “button” may be placed under its surface during the procedure. The various artificial knee components used during this knee replacement procedure are referred to as prosthesis

Just like any other type of surgery, a knee replacement surgery, whether total or partial, comes with a number of risks. However, the benefits of the procedure outweigh the risks, making it one of the best remedies for arthritis.